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  • In Vivo Assessment of Increased Oxidation of Branched-Chain Amino Acids in Glioblastoma 

    Suh, Eul Hyun; Hackett, Edward P.; Wynn, R. Max; Chuang, David T.; Zhang, Bo; Luo, Weibo; Sherry, A. Dean; Park, Jae Mo (Nature Publishing Group, 2019-01-23)
    Altered branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) metabolism is a distinctive feature of various cancers and plays an important role in sustaining tumor proliferation and aggressiveness. Despite the therapeutic and diagnostic ...
  • Flow Boiling Heat Transfer from Downward-Facing Thick Heater Block in an Inclined Channel with Plain and Microporous Coated Surfaces 

    Song, Kiwon; Jun, Seongchul; You, Seung M.; Kim, Hwan Yeol; Kim, Moo Hwan; Revankar, Shripad T. (Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, 2019-02)
    Flow boiling experiments were carried out with water on a 300 mm x 120 mm area and 85 mm thick downward-facing heated copper block at 1.4 bar pressure in a channel inclined 10° upwards with respect to horizontal. Heat ...
  • Molecularly-Engineered, 4D-Printed Liquid Crystal Elastomer Actuators 

    Saed, Mohand O.; Ambulo, Cedric P.; Kim, Hyun; De, Rohit; Raval, Vyom; Searles, Kyle; Siddiqui, Danyal A.; Cue, John Michael O.; Stefan, Mihaela C.; Shankar, M. Ravi; Ware, Taylor H. (WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2018-11-27)
    Three-dimensional structures that undergo reversible shape changes in response to mild stimuli enable a wide range of smart devices, such as soft robots or implantable medical devices. Herein, a dual thiol-ene reaction ...
  • PET-MRI Image Fusion Using Adaptive Filter Based on Spectral and Spatial Discrepancy 

    Saboori, Arash; Birjandtalab, Javad (Springer London Ltd, 2018-07-21)
    Recently, medical imaging equipment has undergone major developments. They play an important role in healthcare industry since they provide visual interpretation of human organs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron ...
  • Exact Recovery in Community Detection with Continuous-Valued Side Information 

    Saad, Hussein; Nosratinia, Aria (IEEE-inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc, 2019-02)
    The community detection problem, as a special case of inference on graphs, has received much attention lately. However, in the presence of continuous-valued side information, the behavior of a sharp threshold for exact ...
  • "Hot Electrons in Si Lose Energy Mostly to Optical Phonons:" Truth or Myth? 

    Fischetti, Massimo V.; Yoder, P. D.; Khatami, Mohammad Mahdi; Gaddemane, Gautam; Van De Put, Maarten L. (American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019-06-05)
    Theoretical studies of heat generation and diffusion in Si devices generally assume that hot electrons in Si lose their energy mainly to optical phonons. Here, we briefly review the history of this assumption, and using ...
  • Structural Analysis of Induction Machine and Switched Reluctance Machine 

    Maharjan, Lizon; Wang, Shiliang; Fahīmī, Bābak (Taylor & Francis Inc, 2019-02-23)
    Here we present a comprehensive analysis of structural performance of Induction Machine (IM) and Switched Reluctance Machine (SRM) rotors under different operational conditions. Electric machines are susceptible to forces ...
  • In Vitro Evaluation of Cell Compatibility of Dental Cements Used with Titanium Implant Components 

    Marvin, Jason C.; Gallegos, Silvia I.; Parsaei, Shaida; Rodrigues, Danieli C. (Wiley, 2019-02)
    Purpose To evaluate the biocompatibility of five dental cement compositions after directly exposing human gingival fibroblast (HGF) and MC3T3-E1 preosteoblast cells to cement alone and cement applied on commercially pure ...
  • Kinetic Stability of Bulk LiNiO₂ and Surface Degradation by Oxygen Evolution in LiNiO₂-Based Cathode Materials 

    Kong, Fantai; Liang, Chaoping; Wang, Luhua; Zheng, Yongping; Perananthan, Sahila; Longo, Roberto C.; Ferraris, John P.; Kim, Moon J.; Cho, Kyeongjae (Wiley-VCH Verlag Gmbh, 2018-11-02)
    Capacity degradation by phase changes and oxygen evolution has been the largest obstacle for the ultimate commercialization of high-capacity LiNiO₂-based cathode materials. The ultimate thermodynamic and kinetic reasons ...
  • Robot Motion Planning in an Unknown Environment with Danger Space 

    Jahanshahi, Hadi; Jafarzadeh, Mohsen; Sari, Naeimeh Najafizadeh; Viet-Thanh Pham; Van Van Huynh; Xuan Quynh Nguyen (MDPI, 2019-02-10)
    This paper discusses the real-time optimal path planning of autonomous humanoid robots in unknown environments regarding the absence and presence of the danger space. The danger is defined as an environment which is not ...
  • Low-Cost Manufacturing of Metal-Ceramic Composites through Electrodeposition of Metal into Ceramic Scaffold 

    Huang, Jiacheng; Daryadel, Soheil; Minary-Jolandan, Majid (Amer Chemical Soc, 2019-01)
    Infiltration of a molten metal phase into a ceramic scaffold to manufacture metal-ceramic composites often involves high temperature, high pressure, and expensive processes. Low-cost processes for fabrication of metal-ceramic ...
  • Extending Battery System Operation via Adaptive Reconfiguration 

    He, Liang; Kong, Linghe; Gu, Yu; Liu, Cong; He, Tian; Shin, Kang G. (Assoc Computing Machinery, 2019-01-16)
    Large-scale battery packs are commonly used in applications such as electric vehicles (EVs) and smart grids. Traditionally, to provide stable voltage to the loads, voltage regulators are used to convert battery packs' ...
  • On the Permeability of Colloidal Gels 

    Gelb, Lev D.; Graham, Alan L.; Mertz, Alex M.; Koenig, Peter H. (Amer Inst Physics, 2019-01-04)
    We reexamine and refine analytical theories for permeability in colloidal networks, with particular focus on constants and identification of approximations. The new theories are compared against numerical simulations of ...
  • Toxicological Assessment of Cross-Linked Beads of Chitosan-Alginate and Aspergillus australensis Biomass, with Efficiency as Biosorbent for Copper Removal 

    Gabriela Contreras-Cortés, Ana; Javier Almendariz-Tapia, Francisco; Gómez-Álvarez, Agustin; Burgos-Hernández, Armando; Guadalupe Luque-Alcaraz, Ana; Rodríguez-Félix, Francisco; Quevedo-López, Manuel A.; Plascencia-Jatomea, Maribel (MDPI, 2019-01-30)
    Sorbent materials of biological origin are considered as an alternative to the use of traditional methods in order to remove heavy metals. Interest in using these materials has increased over the past years due to their ...
  • Luminescent Silica-Based Nanostructures from in Vivo Iridium-Doped Diatoms Microalgae 

    Della Rosa, Giulia; Vona, Danilo; Aloisi, Alessandra; Ragni, Roberta; Di Corato, Riccardo; Lo Presti, Marco; Cicco, Stefania R.; Altamura, Emiliano; Taurino, Antonietta; Catalano, Massimo; Farinola, Gianluca M.; Rinaldi, Rosaria (Amer Chemical Soc, 2018-12-12)
    A novel biotechnological approach to the preparation of Ir-doped luminescent silica-based nanostructures is proposed availing use of diatoms microalgae which generate highly nanostructured biosilica shells (frustules) by ...
  • Fabrication of Micro-Patterned Surface for Pool-Boiling Enhancement by Using Powder Injection Molding Process 

    Cho, Hanlyun; Godinez, Juan; Han, Jun Sae; Fadda, Dani; You, Seung Mun; Lee, Jungho; Park, Seong Jin (MDPI, 2019-02-07)
    In this study, two kinds of copper micro-patterned surfaces with different heights were fabricated by using a powder injection molding (PIM) process. The micro-pattern's size was 100 μm, and the gap size was 50 μm. The ...
  • Planning with Actively Eliciting Preferences 

    Das, Mayukh; Odom, Phillip; Islam, Md Rakibul; Doppa, Janardhan Rao (Jana); Roth, Dan; Natarajan, Sriraam (Elsevier Science BV, 2018-11-22)
    Planning with preferences has been employed extensively to quickly generate high-quality plans. However, it may be difficult for the human expert to supply this information without knowledge of the reasoning employed by ...
  • Timing Jitter Distribution and Power Spectral Density of a Second-Order Bang-Bang Digital PLL with Transport Delay Using Fokker-Planck Equations 

    Bondalapati, Pratheep; Namgoong, Won (IEEE-Inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc, 2018-12-18)
    In this paper, a second-order bang-bang digital phase-locked loop (BBPLL) with dominant random walk phase noise and transport delay is analyzed using Fokker-Plank equations. Explicit closed-form expressions are derived for ...
  • Emerging Neurotechnology for Antinoceptive Mechanisms and Therapeutics Discovery 

    Black, Bryan J.; Atmaramani, Rahul; Plagens, Sarah; Campbell, Zachary T.; Dussor, Gregory; Price, Theodore J.; Pancrazio, Joseph J. (Elsevier Advanced Technology, 2018-11-13)
    The tolerance, abuse, and potential exacerbation associated with classical chronic pain medications such as opioids creates a need for alternative therapeutics. Phenotypic screening provides a complementary approach to ...
  • Enzymatic Low Volume Passive Sweat Based Assays for Multi-Biomarker Detection 

    Bhide, Ashlesha; Cheeran, Sarah; Muthukumar, Sriram; Prasad, Shalini (MDPI, 2019-01-16)
    Simultaneous detection of correlated multi-biomarkers on a single low-cost platform in ultra-low fluid volumes with robustness is in growing demand for the development of wearable diagnostics. A non-faradaic biosensor for ...

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