Now showing items 831-850 of 880

    • TASEP Modelling Provides a Parsimonious Explanation for the Ability of a Single uORF to Derepress Translation during the Integrated Stress Response 

      Andreev, D. E.; Arnold, Maxim; Kiniry, S. J.; Loughran, G.; Michel, A. M.; Rachinskii, Dmitry I.; Baranov, P. V.
      Translation initiation is the rate-limiting step of protein synthesis that is downregulated during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR). Previously, we demonstrated that most human mRNAs that are resistant to this inhibition ...
    • Terahertz Surface Plasmon Polaritons on Freestanding Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Aerogel Sheets 

      Nguyen, T. D.; Liu, S.; Lima, Marcio Dias; Fang, Shaoli; Baughman, Ray H.; Nahata, A.; Vardeny, Z. V. (2012-05-08)
      We demonstrate that multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are capable of supporting surface plasmon-polaritons (SPPs) at terahertz (THz) frequencies. To achieve this, we fabricated sub-100 μm-thick freestanding and highly ...
    • Testing Gravity Theories Using Tensor Perturbations 

      Lin, Weikang; Ishak-Boushaki, Mustapha (American Physical Society, 2016-12-21)
      Primordial gravitational waves constitute a promising probe of the very early Universe and the laws of gravity. We study in this work changes to tensor-mode perturbations that can arise in various proposed modified gravity ...
    • Testing Metallicity Indicators at Z ~ 1.4 with the Gravitationally Lensed Galaxy CASSOWARY 20* 

      James, Bethan L.; Pettini, Max; Christensen, Lise; Auger, Matthew W.; Becker, George D.; King, Lindsay J.; Quider, Anna M.; Shapley, Alice E.; Steidel, Charles C. (Oxford University Press, 2014-03-27)
      We present X-shooter observations of CASSOWARY 20 (CSWA 20), a star-forming (SFR ~ 6 M⊙ yr⁻¹) galaxy at z = 1.433, magnified by a factor of 11.5 by the gravitational lensing produced by a massive foreground galaxy at z = ...
    • The Asymptotics of the Higher Dimensional Reidemeister Torsion for Exceptional Surgeries Along Twist Knots 

      Tran, Anh T.; Yamaguchi, Yoshikazu
      We determine the asymptotic behavior of the higher dimensional Reidemeister torsion for the graph manifolds obtained by exceptional surgeries along twist knots. We show that all irreducible SL2
    • The Hagedorn–Hermite Correspondence 

      Ohsawa, Tomoki
      We investigate the relationship between the semiclassical wave packets of Hagedorn and the Hermite functions by establishing a relationship between their ladder operators. This Hagedorn–Hermite correspondence provides a ...
    • The Ion/Electron Temperature Characteristics of Polar Cap Classical and Hot Patches and their Influence on Ion Upflow 

      Ma, Y. -Z; Zhang, Q. -H; Xing, Z. -Y; Heelis, Roderick A.; Oksavik, K.; Wang, Y.
      The term of “polar cap hot patch” is a newly identified high-density plasma irregularity at high latitudes, which is associated with high electron temperature and particle precipitation, while a classical polar cap patch ...
    • Theoretical Simulation of Negative Differential Transconductance in Lateral Quantum Well nMOS Devices 

      Vyas, P. B.; Naquin, C.; Edwards, H.; Lee, Mark; Vandenberghe, W. G.; Fischetti, Massimo V. (American Institute of Physics Inc, 2017-01-23)
      We present a theoretical study of the negative differential transconductance (NDT) recently observed in the lateral-quantum-well Si n-channel field-effect transistors J. Appl. Phys. 118, 124505 (2015)]. In these devices, ...
    • Thermoacoustic Sound Projector: Exceeding the Fundamental Efficiency of Carbon Nanotubes 

      Aliev, Ali E.; Codoluto, Daniel; Baughman, Ray H.; Ovalle-Robles, Raquel; Inoue, Kanzan; Romanov, Stepan A.; Nasibulin, Albert; Kumar, Prashant; Priya, Shashank; Mayo, Nathanael K.; Blottman, John
      The combination of smooth, continuous sound spectra produced by a sound source having no vibrating parts, a nanoscale thickness of a flexible active layer and the feasibility of creating large, conformal projectors provoke ...
    • Thermoacoustic Sound Projector: Exceeding the Fundamental Efficiency of Carbon Nanotubes 

      Aliev, Ali E.; Codoluto, Daniel; Baughman, Ray H.; Ovalle-Robles, Raquel; Inoue, Kanzan; Romanov, Stepan A.; Nasibulin, Albert G.; Kumar, Prashant; Priya, Shashank; Mayo, Nathanael K.; Blottman, John B.
      The combination of smooth, continuous sound spectra produced by a sound source having no vibrating parts, a nanoscale thickness of a flexible active layer and the feasibility of creating large, conformal projectors provoke ...
    • Three-Dimensionally Ordered Macro-/Mesoporous Ni as a Highly Efficient Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction 

      Sun, T.; Zhang, C.; Chen, J.; Yan, Y.; Zakhidov, Anvar A.; Baughman, Ray H.; Xu, L. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2015-04-13)
      Three-dimensionally (3D) ordered macro-/mesoporous (3DOM/m) Ni is fabricated by the chemical reduction deposition method using lyotropic liquid crystals (LLC) to template the mesostructure within the regular voids of a ...
    • Time-Domain Least-Squares Migration Using the Gaussian Beam Summation Method 

      Yang, Jidong; Zhu, Hejun; McMechan, George A.; Yue, Yubo
      With a finite recording aperture, a limited source spectrum and unbalanced illumination, traditional imaging methods are insufficient to generate satisfactory depth profiles with high resolution and high amplitude fidelity. ...
    • Time-Reversal-Invariant Spin-Orbit-Coupled Bilayer Bose-Einstein Condensates 

      Maisberger, Matthew; Wang, Lin-Cheng; Sun, Kuei; Xu, Yong; Zhang, Chuanwei
      Time-reversal invariance plays a crucial role for many exotic quantum phases, particularly for topologically nontrivial states, in spin-orbit coupled electronic systems. Recently realized spin-orbit coupled cold-atom ...
    • Timing Jitter of Passively-Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers Subject to Optical Feedback: A Semi-Analytic Approach 

      Jaurigue, Lina; Pimenov, Alexander; Rachinskii, Dmitrii L.; Schoell, Eckehard; Luedge, Kathy; Vladimirov, Andrei G. (American Physical Society, 2015-11)
      We study the effect of delayed coherent optical feedback on the pulse timing jitter in passively-mode-locked semiconductor lasers with the help of a semi-analytical method which we develop to calculate the timing fluctuations ...
    • Tomography of Diffraction-Based Focusing Operators 

      Santos, Luiz Alberto; Mansur, Webe Joao; McMechan, George A. (2012-08-24)
      Diffractions carry the same kinematic information provided by common focus point operators (CFPOs). Thus CFPO and diffraction time trajectories may be used separately, or combined into a single unified tomography for ...
    • Top-Quark Mass Measurement in the All-Hadronic tt̅ Decay Channel at √s̅ = 8 TeV with the ATLAS Detector 

      Aaboud, M.; Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdinov, O.; Abeloos, B.; Aben, R.; Izen, Joseph M.; Leyton, Michael; Meirose, Bernhard; Reeves, Kendall; Kurth, Matthew G.; ATLAS Collaboration (Springer Verlag, 2017-09-28)
      The top-quark mass is measured in the all-hadronic top-antitop quark decay channel using proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of √s̅ = 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The ...
    • Topological Cell Clustering in the ATLAS Calorimeters and its Performance in LHC Run 1 

      Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Izen, Joseph M.; Leyton, Michael; Meirose, Bernhard; Namasivayam, Harisankar; Reeves, Kendall; ATLAS Collaboration (Springer New York LLC, 2018-05-15)
      The reconstruction of the signal from hadrons and jets emerging from the proton–proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and entering the ATLAS calorimeters is based on a three-dimensional topological clustering ...
    • Topological Floquet-Thouless Energy Pump 

      Kolodrubetz, Michael H.; Nathan, Frederik; Gazit, Snir; Morimoto, Takahiro; Moore, Joel E.
      We explore adiabatic pumping in the presence of a periodic drive, finding a new phase in which the topologically quantized pumped quantity is energy rather than charge. The topological invariant is given by the winding ...
    • Topological Majorana Two-Channel Kondo Effect 

      Bao, Zhi-qiang; Zhang, Fan (American Physical Society, 2017-10-31)
      A one-dimensional time-reversal-invariant topological superconductor hosts a Majorana Kramers pair at each end, where time-reversal symmetry acts as a supersymmetry that flips local fermion parity. We examine the transport ...
    • Topological Triply Degenerate Points Induced by Spin-Tensor- Momentum Couplings 

      Hu, Haiping; Hou, Junpeng; Zhang, Fan; Zhang, Chuanwei
      The recent discovery of triply degenerate points (TDPs) in topological materials has opened a new perspective toward the realization of novel quasiparticles without counterparts in quantum field theory. The emergence of ...