Colored Porous Silicon as Support for Plasmonic Nanoparticles
Chabal, Yves J.
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Colored nanoporous silicon thin films were employed as dielectric spacing layers for the enhancement of localized surface plasmon (LSP) polaritons. Upon formation of Au nanoparticles (Au-NPs) on these layers, a visible color change is observed due to multiple LSP resonance excitations. Far-field effects were assessed by angle-resolved reflectometry. Resonance enhancements, particularly for s-polarized light, account for the observed color change and are discussed in terms of effective medium and Mie scattering theory. Enhancements of the electric field strengths in the near-field and of the absorption in the substrate were deduced from finite difference time domain calculations and exceed considerably those of the non-porous Au-NP/Si interface. First results of improved photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen evolution at these interfaces are discussed. Samples were prepared by varied procedures of metal assisted etching and dry etching with XeF2. Structural and chemical properties were investigated by scanning electron and atomic force microscopy as well as energy dispersive x-ray analysis.