MoS₂ Functionalization for Ultra-Thin Atomic Layer Deposited Dielectrics
Mordi, Greg I.
Kim, Moon J.
Wallace, Robert M.
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The effect of room temperature ultraviolet-ozone (UV-O₃) exposure of MoS₂ on the uniformity of subsequent atomic layer deposition of Al₂O₃ is investigated. It is found that a UV-O₃ pre-treatment removes adsorbed carbon contamination from the MoS₂ surface and also functionalizes the MoS₂ surface through the formation of a weak sulfur-oxygen bond without any evidence of molybdenum-sulfur bond disruption. This is supported by first principles density functional theory calculations which show that oxygen bonded to a surface sulfur atom while the sulfur is simultaneously back-bonded to three molybdenum atoms is a thermodynamically favorable configuration. The adsorbed oxygen increases the reactivity of MoS₂ surface and provides nucleation sites for atomic layer deposition of Al₂O₃. The enhanced nucleation is found to be dependent on the thin film deposition temperature.