Measurements of Top-Quark Pair to Z-Boson Cross-Section Ratios at √s̅ = 13 , 8, 7 TeV with the ATLAS Detector
Abidi, S. H.
Izen, Joseph M.
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Ratios of top-quark pair to Z-boson cross sections measured from proton-proton collisions at the LHC centre-of-mass energies of √s̅ = 13 TeV, 8 TeV, and 7 TeV are presented by the ATLAS Collaboration. Single ratios, at a given √s̅ for the two processes and at different √s̅ for each process, as well as double ratios of the two processes at different √s̅, are evaluated. The ratios are constructed using previously published ATLAS measurements of the tt̅ and Z-boson production cross sections, corrected to a common phase space where required, and a new analysis of Z → ℓ⁺ℓ⁻ where ℓ = e, μ at √s̅=13 TeV performed with data collected in 2015 with an integrated luminosity of 3.2 fb⁻¹. Correlations of systematic uncertainties are taken into account when evaluating the uncertainties in the ratios. The correlation model is also used to evaluate the combined cross section of the Z → e⁺e⁻ and the Z → μ⁺μ⁻ channels for each √s̅ value. The results are compared to calculations performed at next-to-next-to-leading-order accuracy using recent sets of parton distribution functions. The data demonstrate significant power to constrain the gluon distribution function for the Bjorken-x values near 0.1 and the light-quark sea for x < 0.02.