Now showing items 506-525 of 822

    • Parabolic Bellman Equations with Risk Control 

      Bensoussan, Alain; Breit, D.; Frehse, J.
      We consider stochastic optimal control problems with an additional term representing the variance of the control functions. The latter one may serve as a risk control. We present and treat the problem in a purely analytical ...
    • Paramilitary Violence in Colombia: A Multilevel Negative Binomial Analysis 

      Holmes, Jennifer S.; Mendizabal, Agustin Palao; De La Fuente, David Saucedo; Callenes, Mercedez; Cárdenas, Álvaro (Routledge, 2019-06-14)
      Although Colombia is well known for its persistent leftist guerrilla conflict, the country also suffers from paramilitary violence. This study examines the potential factors related to persistent paramilitary violence in ...
    • Partial Encryption of Behavioral IPs to Selectively Control the Design Space in High-Level Synthesis 

      Wang, Zi; Schaefer, Benjamin Carrion (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019-03)
      Commercial High-Level Synthesis (HLS) tool vendors have started to enable ways to protect Behavioral IP (BIPs) from being unlawful used. The main approach is to provide tools to encrypt these BIPs which can be decrypted ...
    • Passivity-Based Control with a Generalized Energy Storage Function for Robust Walking of Biped Robots 

      Yeatman, Mark R.; Lv, Ge; Gregg, Robert D.; Yeatman, Mark R.; Lv, Ge; Gregg, Robert D.
      This paper offers a novel generalization of a passivity-based, energy tracking controller for robust bipedal walking. Past work has shown that a biped limit cycle with a known, constant mechanical energy can be made robust ...
    • PDMS Based Coplanar Microfluidic Channels for the Surface Reduction of Oxidized Galinstan 

      Li, G.; Parmar, M.; Kim, Daeyoung; Lee, Jeong-Bong; Lee, D. -W
      Galinstan has the potential to replace mercury-one of the most popular liquid metals. However, the easy oxidation of Galinstan restricts wide applicability of the material. In this paper, we report an effective reduction ...
    • Pentagalloyl Glucose and Its Functional Role in Vascular Health: Biomechanics and Drug-Delivery Characteristics 

      Patnaik, Sourav S.; Simionescu, Dan T.; Goergen, Craig J.; Hoyt, Kenneth; Sirsi, Shashank; Finol, Ender A. (Springer, 2018-10-08)
      Pentagalloyl glucose (PGG) is an elastin-stabilizing polyphenolic compound that has significant biomedical benefits, such as being a free radical sink, an anti-inflammatory agent, anti-diabetic agent, enzymatic resistant ...
    • Perceiving Foreign-Accented Speech with Decreased Spectral Resolution in Single- and Multiple-Talker Conditions 

      Kapolowicz, Michelle R.; Montazeri, Vahid; Assmann, Peter F.
      To determine the effect of reduced spectral resolution on the intelligibility of foreign-accented speech, vocoder-processed sentences from native and Mandarin-accented English talkers were presented to listeners in single- ...
    • Perfect Anonymity 

      Desmedt, Yvo; Piper, F. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019-01-18)
      For 35 years, the cryptographic community has created the impression that anonymous communication is always possible. Chaum's dining cryptographer's solution is regarded as achieving unconditional security. Chaum's MIX ...
    • Performance Bounds for Optimal Feedback Control in Networks 

      Summers, Tyler H.; Ruths, Justin
      Many important complex networks, including critical infrastructure and emerging industrial automation systems, are becoming increasingly intricate webs of interacting feedback control loops. A fundamental concern is to ...
    • Phonon-Assisted Tunneling in Direct-Bandgap Semiconductors 

      Mohammed, Mazharuddin; Verhulst, Anne S.; Verreck, Devin; Van de Put, Maarten L.; Magnus, Wim; Soree, Bart; Groeseneken, Guido (Amer Inst Physics, 2019-01-02)
      In tunnel field-effect transistors, trap-assisted tunneling (TAT) is one of the probable causes for degraded subthreshold swing. The accurate quantum-mechanical (QM) assessment of TAT currents also requires a QM treatment ...
    • Photoacoustic Imaging of Nanoparticle Transport in the Kidneys at High Temporal Resolution 

      Jiang, Xingya; Du, Bujie; Tang, Shaoheng; Hsieh, J. -T; Zheng, Jie
      Noninvasive monitoring of kidney elimination of engineered nanoparticles at high temporal and spatial resolution will not only significantly advance our fundamental understandings of nephrology on the nanoscale, but also ...
    • Photoinduced Migration of Ions in Optically Resonant Perovskite Nanoparticles 

      Gets, D. S.; Tiguntseva, E. Y.; Berestennikov, A. S.; Lyashenko, T. G.; Pushkarev, A. P.; Makarov, S. V.; Zakhidov, Anvar A.
      Organic–inorganic perovskites with a mixed anion composition are widely used in solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and nanophotonic structures. Light nanosources based on resonant perovskite nanoparticles are of particular ...
    • Photothermal Bimorph Actuators with In-Built Cooler for Light Mills, Frequency Switches, and Soft Robots 

      Li, J.; Zhang, Rui; Mou, L.; Jung de Andrade, Monica; Hu, X.; Yu, K.; Sun, J.; Jia, T.; Dou, Y.; Chen, H.; Fang, Shaoli; Qian, Dong; Liu, Z.
      Photothermal bimorph actuators are widely used for smart devices, which are generally operated in a room temperature environment, therefore a low temperature difference for actuation without deteriorating the performance ...
    • Planning with Actively Eliciting Preferences 

      Das, Mayukh; Odom, Phillip; Islam, Md Rakibul; Doppa, Janardhan Rao (Jana); Roth, Dan; Natarajan, Sriraam (Elsevier Science BV, 2018-11-22)
      Planning with preferences has been employed extensively to quickly generate high-quality plans. However, it may be difficult for the human expert to supply this information without knowledge of the reasoning employed by ...
    • Plasma Dynamics Associated with Equatorial Ionospheric Irregularities 

      Smith, Jonathon Matthew; Heelis, Roderick A.
      The Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System satellite was operational from 2008, a period of deep solar minimum, to 2015, a period of moderate solar conditions. The behavior of the vertical plasma drift and the ...
    • Platform Stabilization and Load Reduction of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines Using Dynamic Vibration Absorbers 

      Wu, Zhongyou; Li, Yaoyu
      Floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) is deemed the primary solution to the future penetration of wind power generation into deep water, while desirable FOWT operation faces significant challenge of under-actuation to meet ...
    • Policy Expressions and the Bottom-Up Design of Computing Policies 

      Reaz, R.; Acharya, H. B.; Elmallah, E. S.; Cobb, Jorge A.; Gouda, M. G.
      A policy is a sequence of rules, where each rule consists of a predicate and a decision, and where each decision is either “accept” or “reject”. A policy P is said to accept (or reject, respectively) a request if the ...
    • Polycrystalline Diamond Films with Tailored Micro/Nanostructure/Doping for New Large Area Film-Based Diamond Electronics 

      Alcantar-Peña, Jesus J.; de Obaldia, Elida; Tirado, Pablo; Arellano-Jimenez, Maria J.; Aguilar, Jose E. Ortega; Veyan, Jean F.; Yacaman, Miguel J.; Koudriavtsev, Yuriy; Auciello, Orlando (Elsevier Science SA, 2018-12-03)
      This paper describes processes developed to change two key electrical properties (electrical resistivity and carrier type) of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) to microcrystalline diamond (MCD) films. The results show ...
    • Polystyrene-Coated Interdigitated Microelectrode Array to Detect Free Chlorine Towards IoT Applications 

      Liu, Y.; Liang, Yuchen; Xue, L.; Liu, R.; Tao, J.; Zhou, D.; Zeng, X.; Hu, Wenchuang (Walter) (Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry, 2018-12-28)
      We apply interdigitated microelectrode array (IDA) sensors for water quality monitoring. IDA sensors with an ion-sensitive coating show higher sensitivity of about 600 mV with the hypochlorite ion concentration increasing ...
    • Polytype Control of MoS₂ Using Chemical Bath Deposition 

      Hedlund, Jenny K.; Walker, Amy V. (American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019-05-01)
      Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) has a wide range of applications from electronics to catalysis. While the properties of single-layer and multilayer MoS₂ films are well understood, controlling the deposited MoS₂ polytype remains ...