Performance of Students Admitted through Affirmative Action in Brazil


Following the implementation of the Lei das Cotas (Affirmative Action Law) in Brazil, there has been debate as to whether students who were admitted through affirmative action perform at the same level as students admitted through traditional methods. This article examines the results of the Exame Nacional de Desempenho dos Estudantes (ENADE) from 2009 to 2012 to determine whether there is a relationship between students' performance at the university level and the manner of their admittance. We find that students admitted to public universities under affirmative action perform at similar levels to students who were not, whereas quota students in private universities perform slightly better than students admitted through traditional methods.


Includes supplementary material


Affirmative action programs, Equality, Race, Brazil—Social conditions, Brazilian students, Educational equalization


CC BY 4.0 (Attribution), ©2017 The Authors