Flexible Transparent Conductive Heater Using Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Sheet
This paper reports highly flexible, transparent, conducting heaters based on multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) sheets. The MWCNT sheets were spun directly from a well-aligned MWCNT forest. The fabrication of the MWCNT sheet heater was quite simple and suitable for mass production, requiring only a one-step transferring process, in which the MWCNT sheet is drawn onto the target substrates. This study examined the parameters that affect the heat generation of the MWCNT sheet-based heater; input power, surface area, and thermal conductivity of the substrate. In particular, more effort was focused on how to increase the surface area and contact points between the individual MWCNTs; simple acid treatment and added metal nanoparticles increased the heat performance of the heater dramatically. Moreover, the heaters exhibited durability and flexibility against many bending cycles. Therefore, the MWCNT sheet-based heater can be used for versatile applications requiring transparency, conduction, and flexibility.