Outage Probability of Single Carrier NOMA Systems under I/Q Imbalance
Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been recently proposed as a viable technology that has the potential to improve the spectral efficiency of fifth generation (5G) wireless networks and beyond. However, in practical communication scenarios, transceiver architectures inevitably suffer from radio-frequency (RF) front-end related impairments that can lead to non-negligible degradation of the overall system performance. In this context, in-phase/quadrature-phase imbalance (IQI) constitutes a major impairment in direct-conversion transceivers. Based on this, the present contribution quantifies the effects of IQI on the performance of NOMA based systems under multipath fading conditions. This is realized by first deriving novel analytic expressions for the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio and the outage probability of NOMA systems subject to IQI at the transmitter and/or the receiver sites. Capitalizing on these results, we demonstrate that the effects of IQI differ considerably between the different NOMA users and depending on the considered system's parameters. © 2018 IEEE.