Effect of Age on Variability in the Production of Text-Based Global Inferences

dc.contributor.ISNI0000 0001 1648 3631 (Abdi, H.)
dc.contributor.LCNA94060324‏ (Abdi)
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Lynne J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDunlop, Joseph Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorAbdi, Hervéen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-10T17:25:10Z
dc.date.available2014-02-10T17:25:10Z
dc.date.created2012-05-08
dc.description.abstractAs we age, our differences in cognitive skills become more visible, an effect especially true for memory and problem solving skills (i.e., fluid intelligence). However, by contrast with fluid intelligence, few studies have examined variability in measures that rely on one's world knowledge (i.e., crystallized intelligence). The current study investigated whether age increased the variability in text based global inference generation-a measure of crystallized intelligence. Global inference generation requires the integration of textual information and world knowledge and can be expressed as a gist or lesson. Variability in generating two global inferences for a single text was examined in young-old (62 to 69 years), middle-old (70 to 76 years) and old-old (77 to 94 years) adults. The older two groups showed greater variability, with the middle elderly group being most variable. These findings suggest that variability may be a characteristic of both fluid and crystallized intelligence in aging. © 2012 Williams et al.en_US
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationWilliams, L. J., J. P. Dunlop, and H. Abdi. 2012. "Effect of age on variability in the production of text-based global inferences." PLOS One 7(5): e36161.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en_US
dc.identifier.issue5en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/3032
dc.identifier.volume7en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036161en_US
dc.rightsCC BY 3.0 (Attribution)en_US
dc.rights© 2012 Williams et al.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/en_US
dc.source.journalPLOS Oneen_US
dc.subjectCognition in old ageen_US
dc.subjectMemory in old ageen_US
dc.subjectReadingen_US
dc.subjectWritten communicationen_US
dc.titleEffect of Age on Variability in the Production of Text-Based Global Inferencesen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.type.genrearticleen_US

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