Superior Low-Temperature NO Catalytic Performance of PrMn₂O₅ over SmMn₂O₅ Mullite-Type Catalysts


By studying their surface chemistry, metal-oxygen bond strength, and critical energy barrier heights, we elucidate the differences in the NO oxidation catalytic performance of PrMn₂O₅ and SmMn₂O₅ mullite-type oxides. The 50% conversion temperature is lower (230 °C vs. 275 °C) and the maximum conversion efficiency is higher (81% at 282 °C vs. 68% at 314 °C) for PrMn₂O₅ compared to SmMn₂O₅, despite having a ∼15% lower specific surface area. Furthermore, PrMn₂O₅ exhibits higher maximum efficiency compared to Pt/Al₂O₃. Combined experimental and theoretical findings indicate that the superior catalytic performance of PrMn₂O₅ at low temperatures arises from the presence of more labile and reactive surface lattice oxygen due to weaker Mn-O bond strength and lower thermal stability of surface NOₓ ad-species. ©2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


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Oxidation, Mullite, Oxygen, Platinum compounds, Praseodymium compounds, Samarium compounds, Silicate minerals, Surface chemistry, Thermodynamic equilibrium, Low temperatures, Manganese compounds

Welch Foundation grant (AT-1843); International Energy Joint R & D Program (No. 20168510011350); Dongguan Innovative Research Team Program (No. 20146071007).