The Effect of Glassing Solvent Deuteration and Gd³⁺ Doping on ¹³C DNP at 5 T




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Royal Society of Chemistry


We report the influence of glassing solvent deuteration and Gd³⁺ doping on ¹³C dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) performed on [1-¹³C] sodium acetate at B₀ = 5 T and 1.2 K. Our data reveal that at 5 T, glassing solvent deuteration still results in a 40% improvement of the ¹³C DNP signal when a large electron spin resonance (ESR) linewidth 4-oxo-TEMPO free radical is used, but results in a 60% decrease of the DNP signal in the case of a sample doped with small ESR linewidth trityl OX063. An addition of a trace amount of the Gd³⁺ complex Gd-HP-DO3A led to a negligible slight decrease on the ¹³C polarization TEMPO-doped sample, but is still relatively beneficial for the trityl-doped sample with 30% improvement of the DNP-enhanced ¹³C polarization. These findings indicate that while these DNP optimization steps are still valid at 5 T, the effects are not as pronounced as observed in ¹³C DNP at B₀ = 3.35 T. These DNP results at 5 T are discussed thermodynamically within the framework of the thermal mixing model of DNP.



Deuterium, Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, Free radicals (Chemistry), Polarization (Nuclear physics), Dynamic nuclear polarization, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Sodium acetate


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