Search for Anomalous Couplings in the Wtb Vertex from the Measurement of Double Differential Angular Decay Rates of Single Top Quarks Produced in the T-Channel with the ATLAS Detector


The electroweak production and subsequent decay of single top quarks is determined by the properties of the Wtb vertex. This vertex can be described by the complex parameters of an effective Lagrangian. An analysis of angular distributions of the decay products of single top quarks produced in the t-channel constrains these parameters simultaneously. The analysis described in this paper uses 4.6 fb⁻¹ of proton-proton collision data at √s̅ = 7 TeV collected with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Two parameters are measured simultaneously in this analysis. The fraction ʄ₁ of decays containing transversely polarised W bosons is measured to be 0.37 ± 0.07 (stat. ⊕ syst.). The phase δ_ between amplitudes for transversely and longitudinally polarised W bosons recoiling against lefthanded b-quarks is measured to be -0.014 π ± 0.036 π (stat. ⊕ syst.). The correlation in the measurement of these parameters is 0.15. These values result in two-dimensional limits at the 95% confidence level on the ratio of the complex coupling parameters g_R and V_L, yielding R-e[g_R / V_L] ∈ [-0.36; 0.10] and Im[g_R / V_L] ∈ [-0.17; 0.23] with a correlation of 0.11. The results are in good agreement with the predictions of the Standard Model.



Top Quarks, W bosons, Proton-proton interactions, Polarization (Nuclear physics), Standard Model


CC BY 4.0 (Attribution), ©2016 CERN, for the ATLAS Collaboration