Perceptions of Success in Serious Juvenile Offenders: A Group-Based Trajectory Approach

Date

2017-12

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Abstract

Despite having implications for several theoretical frameworks in criminology, most notably Robert Agnew’s General Strain Theory (1992), few researchers have assessed the impact of how serious offenders’ perceptions of success are related to the perceived chances of their getting a good job, finishing school, getting married, and staying out of the criminal justice system over a several year period. The following research evaluates the changes in chances of success using Group-Based Trajectory Analysis over time to assess whether: 1. Certain groups of offenders tend to follow differing trajectories of perceived chances for success over a seven-year time period, 2. These groups differ in levels of offending and criminal behavior, and 3. Demographic variables predict group membership. Results show perceptions of success do follow distinct trajectories, these trajectories are significantly related to crime, and demographic variables do influence group membership. The results have theoretical importance and may have practical policy implications for some of the most serious juvenile offenders.

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Keywords

Juvenile delinquents-Longitudinal studies, Criminal statistics, Success, Perception

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Copyright ©2017 is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Eugene McDermott Library. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.

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