Jurassic Igneous Rocks of the Central Sanandaj–Sirjan Zone (Iran) Mark a Propagating Continental Rift, Not a Magmatic Arc




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Blackwell Publishing Ltd



Jurassic igneous bodies of the Sanandaj–Sirjan zone (SaSZ) in SW Iran are generally considered as a magmatic arc but critical evaluation of modern geochronology, geochemistry and radiogenic isotopes challenges this conclusion. There is no evidence for sustained igneous activity along the ~1,200 km long SaSZ, as expected for a convergent plate margin; instead activity was brief at most sites and propagated NW at ~20 mm/a. Jurassic igneous rocks define a bimodal suite of gabbro-diorite and granite. Chemical and isotopic compositions of mafic rocks indicate subcontinental lithospheric mantle sources that mostly lacked subduction-related modifications. The arc-like features of S-type granites reflect massive involvement of Cadomian crust and younger sediments to generate felsic melts in response to mafic intrusions. We conclude that Jurassic SaSZ igneous activity occurred in a continental rift, not an arc. SaSZ igneous rocks do not indicate that subduction along the SW margin of Eurasia began in Jurassic time. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd


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Sanandaj (Iran), Sīrjān (Kirmān, Iran), Geology, Stratigraphic—Jurassic, Magmatism, Igneous rocks



©2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd