Measurements of Long-Range Azimuthal Anisotropies and Associated Fourier Coefficients for pp Collisions at √s̅ = 5.02 and 13 TeV and p + Pb Collisions at √{s_{NN}} = 5.02 TeV with the ATLAS Detector


This paper presents a measurement of the polarisation of W bosons from tt̅ decays, reconstructed in events with one high-p_T lepton and at least four jets. Data from pp collisions at the LHC were collected at √s̅ = 8 TeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 20.2 fb⁻¹. The angle θ* between the b-quark from the top quark decay and a direct W boson decay product in the W boson rest frame is sensitive to the W boson polarisation. Two different W decay products are used as polarisation analysers: the charged lepton and the down-type quark for the leptonically and hadronically decaying W boson, respectively. The most precise measurement of the W boson polarisation via the distribution of cos θ* is obtained using the leptonic analyser and events in which at least two of the jets are tagged as b-quark jets. The fitted fractions of longitudinal, left-and right-handed polarisation states are F₀ = 0.709 ± 0.019, F_L = 0.299 ± 0.015 and F_R = - 0.008 ± 0.014, and are the most precisely measured W boson polarisation fractions to date. Limits on anomalous couplings of the Wtb vertex are set.



Quarks, Partons, Large Hadron Collider (France and Switzerland), W bosons, Proton-proton interactions, Polarization (Nuclear physics)


CC BY 4.0 (Attribution), ©2017 CERN, for the ATLAS Collaboration