Enhancement of Cognitive and Neural Functions through Complex Reasoning Training: Evidence from Normal and Clinical Populations

dc.contributor.ISNI0000 0003 5170 3614 (Chapman, SB)
dc.contributor.LCNA2012043141‏ (Chapman, SB)
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Sandra Bonden_US
dc.contributor.authorMudar, Raksha A.en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorCenter for BrainHealthen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-10T20:37:22Z
dc.date.available2014-09-10T20:37:22Z
dc.date.created2014-04-28
dc.description.abstractPublic awareness of cognitive health is fairly recent compared to physical health. Growing evidence suggests that cognitive training offers promise in augmenting cognitive brain performance in normal and clinical populations. Targeting higher-order cognitive functions, such as reasoning in particular, may promote generalized cognitive changes necessary for supporting the complexities of daily life. This data-driven perspective highlights cognitive and brain changes measured in randomized clinical trials that trained gist reasoning strategies in populations ranging from teenagers to healthy older adults, individuals with brain injury to those at-risk for Alzheimer's disease. The evidence presented across studies support the potential for Gist reasoning training to strengthen cognitive performance in trained and untrained domains and to engage more efficient communication across widespread neural networks that support higher-order cognition. The meaningful benefits of Gist training provide compelling motivation to examine optimal dose for sustained benefits as well as to explore additive benefits of meditation, physical exercise, and/or improved sleep in future studies. ;en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institutes of Health (RC1-AG035954, R01-NS067015, R01-AG033106, NICHD R21-HD062835); Department of Defense (W81XWH-11-2-0194)en_US
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationChapman, Sandra B., and Raksha A. Mudar. 2014. "Enhancement of cognitive and neural functions through complex reasoning training: evidence from normal and clinical populations." Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 8: 69-69.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1662-5137en_US
dc.identifier.startpage69en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/4000
dc.identifier.volume8en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Research Foundationen_US
dc.relation.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00069en_US
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0 (Attribution)en_US
dc.rights©2014 The Authors.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_US
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Systems Neuroscienceen_US
dc.subjectGist reasoning trainingen_US
dc.subjectMemoryen_US
dc.subjectCognitive trainingen_US
dc.subjectCognitionen_US
dc.titleEnhancement of Cognitive and Neural Functions through Complex Reasoning Training: Evidence from Normal and Clinical Populationsen_US
dc.typeTexten_US
dc.type.genrearticleen_US

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