Bullying in Nigerian Secondary Schools: A test of Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory of Crime




Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title




Gottfredson and Hirschi’s General Theory of Crime’s claim to explain crime, at all times, and in all places, has received considerable empirical support using Western, Scandinavian, and Asian samples. However, the theory is yet to be tested using a Nigerian sample. Similarly, school bullying has received considerable criminological, psychological, educational, and governmental attention. However, much of the attention is focused on bullying in Western, Asian, and Scandinavian countries. There appears to be scant, if any, attention, paid to this problem on the African continent. Using cross-sectional data from a sample of 1,192 junior secondary school (middle school) students in Nigeria, this study examines the prevalence of bullying in Nigeria, and the explanatory power of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s General Theory of Crime (GTC) in predicting bullying in that context and culture. This is the first test of the GTC with a Nigerian sample and is a spring board for effective bullying prevention policy/programs in Nigerian schools. The public policy implications of the findings are discussed.



Bullying in schools—Nigeria, Self-control in adolescence—Nigeria, Criminology—Nigeria, Public policy (Law)—Nigeria



Copyright ©2018 is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the Eugene McDermott Library. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.