WSe₂ Homojunctions and Quantum Dots Created by Patterned Hydrogenation of Epitaxial Graphene Substrates


Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) at 5 K is used to study WSe₂ layers grown on epitaxial graphene which is formed on Si-terminated SiC(0 0 0 1). Specifically, a partial hydrogenation process is applied to intercalate hydrogen at the SiC-graphene interface, yielding areas of quasi-free-standing bilayer graphene coexisting with bare monolayer graphene. We find that an abrupt and structurally perfect homojunction (band-edge offset ∼0.25 eV) is formed when WSe₂ overgrows a lateral junction between adjacent monolayer and quasi-free-standing bilayer areas in the graphene. The band structure modulation in the WSe₂ overlayer arises from the varying work function (electrostatic potential) of the graphene beneath. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements reveal that this effect can be also utilized to create WSe₂ quantum dots that confine either valence or conduction band states, in agreement with first-principles band structure calculations. ©2019 IOP Publishing Ltd.


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Graphene, Hydrogenation, Monomolecular films, Nanocrystals, Scanning tunneling microscopy, Selenium compounds, Quantum dots, Silicon carbide, Electrostatics, Tungsten compounds

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB 658); National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFA0206202); National Science Foundation of China (11704303)


©2019 IOP Publishing Ltd.