A Study of Pegida, the Alt-Right, and Charlottesville : What is Old is New Again

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2020-08

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Abstract

This thesis examines the rhetoric of modern day far-right movements such as PEGIDA in Germany and the Alt-Right in Germany with previous hate groups of the early 20th century in both countries. Due to the fact that these groups have had their most active days rather recently, historians have not delved into this topic much as of yet. Additionally, little has been written about the common rhetoric and ideas of these groups in the United States and Germany in a transnational context. These two countries have had fundamentally different experiences in the 20th century and both have a different approach to dealing with the memory of atrocities committed by both countries in the past. Yet both countries are dealing with extremely similar groups which tout nearly identical rhetoric. The rhetoric that these groups use today strongly resembles the rhetoric touted by groups such as the Nazis in Germany and the Ku Klux Klan in the United States in the early 20th century. Connecting the hate groups of today with their philosophical predecessors lays open a legacy of hate which has been weaponized for centuries in order to pass their own political agenda. The thesis analyzes the rhetorical connections of these movements with each other and their past counterparts along the lines of immigration, religion, as well as gender dynamics.

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Pegida (Organization), Right-wing extremists -- Germany, Right-wing extremists -- United States, White nationalism, White supremacy movements

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