Tunable Organic PV Parallel Tandem with Ionic Gating

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Abstract

A novel type of tunable organic photovoltaic (OPV) tandem device with ionic gating by in-situ ionic liquid is presented. This device is comprised of two solution-processed polymeric OPV cells connected in parallel by a dry-laminated transparent multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) interlayer. The interlayer MWCNT of this 3-terminal tandem device plays a role of a common electrode with a Fermi level that can be tuned via ionic gating to turn it into a common cathode, collecting photo-generated electrons from both sub-cells. Ionic gating employs electric double layer charging of the MWCNT in order to lower the work function of the common CNT electrode and increase its n-type conductivity. This tandem device is fabricated in ambient conditions via dry-lamination of MWCNT transparent sheets The new results demonstrating the different regimes of ionic gating at low, medium, and high gating voltages V_{gate} are presented, showing the optimal doping of the MWCNT, then favorable doping of acceptor PCBM ([6,6]-phenyl-C₆₁-butyric acid methyl ester), followed by the deterioration of performance at V_{gate} over the threshold voltage when doping of polymeric layers of sub-cell OPVs starts taking place. The doping of PCBM and polymers is additionally confirmed by the change in the charging and discharging current dynamics at high V_{gate} above the threshold.

Description

Includes supplementary material

Keywords

Solar-cells, Carbon nanotubes, Photovoltaic cells--Materials, Ionic solutions, Electrodes, Butyric acid

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"Support for this work was provided from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation in the framework of Increase Competitiveness Program of NUST “MISiS” (No. K2- 2015-014). Partial financial support by Welch Foundation Grant No. AT-1617 is also appreciated."

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