Brief Report: Adults with Autism Are Less Accurate at Predicting How Their Personality Traits Are Evaluated by Unfamiliar Observers


Social cognitive impairments in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are well-documented, yet little research has examined whether ASD is also characterized by difficulties in meta-perception, or the ability to gauge how one is perceived. In this study, ASD and TD adults (N=22) largely did not differ on the self-perception of their personality traits or on how they expected to be perceived by unfamiliar observers. However adults with ASD were rated less favorably by TD observers (N=412) on 19 out of 20 personality items, and adults with ASD were less accurate at predicting how they would be perceived. These findings suggest impaired meta-perception in ASD that may serve as a potential mechanism through which reduced social cognitive ability contributes to social impairment.



Learning disabled, Personality, Cognition--Social aspects, Autism spectrum disorders


©2018 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature