Topological Triply Degenerate Points Induced by Spin-Tensor-Momentum Couplings



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American Physical Society


The recent discovery of triply degenerate points (TDPs) in topological materials has opened a new perspective toward the realization of novel quasiparticles without counterparts in quantum field theory. The emergence of such protected nodes is often attributed to spin-vector-momentum couplings. We show that the interplay between spin-tensor- and spin-vector-momentum couplings can induce three types of TDPs, classified by different monopole charges (ℭ=±2, ±1, 0). A Zeeman field can lift them into Weyl points with distinct numbers and charges. Different TDPs of the same type are connected by intriguing Fermi arcs at surfaces, and transitions between different types are accompanied by level crossings along high-symmetry lines. We further propose an experimental scheme to realize such TDPs in cold-atom optical lattices. Our results provide a framework for studying spin-tensor-momentum coupling-induced TDPs and other exotic quasiparticles.


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Couplings, Optical lattices, Calculus of tensors, Topology, Symmetry (Physics), Level-crossing spectroscopy, Quantum field theory, Quasiparticles (Physics), Zeeman effect

"This work is supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) (Grant No. PHY-1505496), Army Research Office (ARO) (Grant No. W911NF-17-1-0128), Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) (Grant No. FA9550-16-1-0387)...."


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