Xuan, Zhenyu

Permanent URI for this collectionhttps://hdl.handle.net/10735.1/3952

Zhenyu Xuan is an Associate Professor of Biological Sciences. His research seeks to develop "computational methods to analyze cancer genomics data and discover the mechanism of carcinogenesis."

ORCID page


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
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    The Protective Role of Dot1L in UV-Induced Melanomagenesis
    (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-11-05) Zhu, Bo; Chen, Shuyang; Wang, Hongshen; Yin, Chengqian; Han, Changpeng; Peng, Cong; Liu, Zhaoqian; Wan, Lixin; Zhang, Xiaoyang; Zhang, Jie; Lian, Christine G.; Ma, Peilin; Xu, Zhi-xiang; Prince, Sharon; Wang, Tao; Gao, Xiumei; Shi, Yujiang; Liu, Dali; Liu, Min; Wei, Wenyi; Wei, Zhi; Pan, Jingxuan; Wang, Yongjun; Xuan, Zhenyu; Hess, Jay; Hayward, Nicholas K.; Goding, Colin R.; Chen, Xiang; Zhou, Jun; Cui, Rutao; 0000-0001-9344-8493 (Xuan, Z); Xuan, Zhenyu
    The DOT1L histone H3 lysine 79 (H3K79) methyltransferase plays an oncogenic role in MLL-rearranged leukemogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that, in contrast to MLL-rearranged leukemia, DOT1L plays a protective role in ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced melanoma development. Specifically, the DOT1L gene is located in a frequently deleted region and undergoes somatic mutation in human melanoma. Specific mutations functionally compromise DOT1L methyltransferase enzyme activity leading to reduced H3K79 methylation. Importantly, in the absence of DOT1L, UVR-induced DNA damage is inefficiently repaired, so that DOT1L loss promotes melanoma development in mice after exposure to UVR. Mechanistically, DOT1L facilitates DNA damage repair, with DOT1L-methylated H3K79 involvement in binding and recruiting XPC to the DNA damage site for nucleotide excision repair (NER). This study indicates that DOT1L plays a protective role in UVR-induced melanomagenesis.
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    Basal Suppression of the Sonic Hedgehog Pathway by the G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Gpr161 Restricts Medulloblastoma Pathogenesis
    (Cell Press, 2018-11-05) Shimada, Issei S.; Hwang, Sun-Hee; Somatilaka, Bandarigoda N.; Wang, Xin; Skowron, Patryk; Kim, Jiwoong; Kim, Min; Shelton, John M.; Rajaram, Veena; Xuan, Zhenyu; Taylor, Michael D.; Mukhopadhyay, Saikat; Xuan, Zhenyu
    Sonic hedgehog (Shh) determines cerebellar granule cell (GC) progenitor proliferation and medulloblastoma pathogenesis. However, the pathways regulating GC progenitors during embryogenesis before Shh production by Purkinje neurons and their roles in tumorigenesis remain unclear. The cilium-localized G-protein-coupled receptor Gpr161 suppresses Shh-mediated signaling in the neural tube. Here, by deleting Gpr161 in mouse neural stem cells or GC progenitors, we establish Gpr161 as a tumor suppressor in Shh subtype medulloblastoma. Irrespective of Shh production in the cerebellum, Gpr161 deletion increased downstream activity of the Shh pathway by restricting Gli3-mediated repression, causing more extensive generation and proliferation of GC progenitors. Moreover, earlier deletion of Gpr161 during embryogenesis increased tumor incidence and severity. GC progenitor overproduction during embryogenesis from Gpr161 deletion was cilium dependent, unlike normal development. Low GPR161 expression correlated with poor survival of SHH subtype medulloblastoma patients. Gpr161 restricts GC progenitor production by preventing premature and Shh-dependent pathway activity, highlighting the importance of basal pathway suppression in tumorigenesis.
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    The Distinct Metabolic Phenotype of Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma Defines Selective Vulnerability to Glycolytic Inhibition
    (Springer Nature, 2018-08-20) Goodwin, Justin; Neugent, Michael L.; Lee, Shin Yup; Choe, Joshua H.; Choi, Hyunsung; Jenkins, Dana M. R.; Ruthenborg, Robin J.; Robinson, Maddox W.; Jeong, Ji Yun; Wake, Masaki; Abe, Hajime; Takeda, Norihiko; Endo, Hiroko; Inoue, Masahiro; Xuan, Zhenyu; Yoo, Hyuntae; Chen, Min; Ahn, Jung-Mo; Xuan, Zhenyu; Yoo, Hyuntae; Chen, Min; Ahn, Jung-Mo; Minna, John D.; Helke, Kristi L.; Singh, Pankaj K.; Shackelford, David B.; Kim, Jung-whan; Goodwin, Justin; Neugent, Michael L.; Lee, Shin Yup; Choe, Joshua H.; Choi, Hyunsung; Jenkins, Dana M. R.; Ruthenborg, Robin J.; Robinson, Maddox W.; Xuan, Zhenyu; Yoo, Hyuntae; Kim, Jung-whan
    Adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) are the two predominant subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and are distinct in their histological, molecular and clinical presentation. However, metabolic signatures specific to individual NSCLC subtypes remain unknown. Here, we perform an integrative analysis of human NSCLC tumour samples, patient-derived xenografts, murine model of NSCLC, NSCLC cell lines and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and reveal a markedly elevated expression of the GLUT1 glucose transporter in lung SqCC, which augments glucose uptake and glycolytic flux. We show that a critical reliance on glycolysis renders lung SqCC vulnerable to glycolytic inhibition, while lung ADC exhibits significant glucose independence. Clinically, elevated GLUT1-mediated glycolysis in lung SqCC strongly correlates with high F-18-FDG uptake and poor prognosis. This previously undescribed metabolic heterogeneity of NSCLC subtypes implicates significant potential for the development of diagnostic, prognostic and targeted therapeutic strategies for lung SqCC, a cancer for which existing therapeutic options are clinically insufficient.
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    Prioritization of Cancer-Related Genomic Variants by SNP Association Network
    (Libertas Academica, 2015-04-01) Liu, Changning; Xuan, Zhenyu; 0000-0001-9344-8493 (Xuan, Z); Xuan, Zhenyu
    We have developed a general framework to construct an association network of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (SNP association network, SAN) based on the functional interactions of genes located in the flanking regions of SNPs. SAN, which was constructed based on protein-protein interactions in the Human Protein Reference Database (HPRD), showed significantly enriched signals in both linkage disequilibrium (LD) and long-range chromatin interaction (Hi-C). We used this network to further develop two methods for predicting and prioritizing disease-associated genes from genome-wide association studies (GWASs). We found that random walk with restart (RWR) using SAN (RWR-SAN) can greatly improve the prediction of lung-cancer-associated genes by comparing RWR with the use of network in HPRD (AUC 0.81 vs 0.66). In a reanalysis of the GWAS dataset of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), SAN could identify more potential AMD-associated genes that were previously ranked lower in the GWAS study. The interactions in SAN could facilitate the study of complex diseases.
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    Complete Genome Analysis of Three Acinetobacter Baumannii Clinical Isolates in China for Insight into the Diversification of Drug Resistance Elements
    (2013-06-24) Zhu, Lingxiang; Yan, Zhongqiang; Zhang, Zhaojun; Zhou, Qiming; Zhou, Jinchun; Wakeland, Edward K.; Fang, Xiangdong; Xuan, Zhenyu; Shen, Dingxia; Li, Quan-Zhen; Xuan, Zhenyu
    Background: The emergence and rapid spreading of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains has become a major health threat worldwide. To better understand the genetic recombination related with the acquisition of drug-resistant elements during bacterial infection, we performed complete genome analysis on three newly isolated multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains from Beijing using next-generation sequencing technology. Methodologies/Principal Findings: Whole genome comparison revealed that all 3 strains share some common drug resistant elements including carbapenem-resistant blaOXA₂₃ and tetracycline (tet) resistance islands, but the genome structures are diversified among strains. Various genomic islands intersperse on the genome with transposons and insertions, reflecting the recombination flexibility during the acquisition of the resistant elements. The blood-isolated BJAB07104 and ascites-isolated BJAB0868 exhibit high similarity on their genome structure with most of the global clone II strains, suggesting these two strains belong to the dominant outbreak strains prevalent worldwide. A large resistance island (RI) of about 121-kb, carrying a cluster of resistance-related genes, was inserted into the ATPase gene on BJAB07104 and BJAB0868 genomes. A 78-kb insertion element carrying tra-locus and blaOXA₂₃ island, can be either inserted into one of the tniB gene in the 121-kb RI on the chromosome, or transformed to conjugative plasmid in the two BJAB strains. The third strains of this study, BJAB0715, which was isolated from spinal fluid, exhibit much more divergence compared with above two strains. It harbors multiple drug-resistance elements including a truncated AbaR-22-like RI on its genome. One of the unique features of this strain is that it carries both blaOXA-23 and blaOXA-58 genes on its genome. Besides, an Acinetobacter lwoffii adeABC efflux element was found inserted into the ATPase position in BJAB0715. Conclusions: Our comparative analysis on currently completed Acinetobacter baumannii genomes revealed extensive and dynamic genome organizations, which may facilitate the bacteria to acquire drug-resistance elements into their genomes.

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