The Role of Crystal Growth Conditions on the Magnetic Properties of Ln₂Fe₄₋ₓCoₓSb₅ (Ln = La and Ce)


Single crystals of Ln₂Fe₄₋ₓCoₓSb_{5-y}Bi_y (Ln = La, Ce; 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5; 0 ≤ y ≤ 0.2) were grown using Bi flux and self-flux methods. The compounds adopt the La₂Fe₄Sb₅ structure type with tetragonal space group I4/mmm. The La₂Fe₄Sb₅ structure type is comprised of rare earth atoms capping square Sb nets in a square antiprismatic fashion and two transition-metal networks forming a PbO-type layer with Sb and transition-metal isosceles triangles. Substituting Co into the transition-metal sublattice results in a decrease in the transition temperature and reduced frustration, indicative of a transition from localized to itinerant behavior. In this manuscript, we demonstrated that Bi can be used as an alternate flux to grow single crystals of antimonides. Even with the incorporation of Bi into the Sb square net, the magnetic properties are not significantly affected. In addition, we have shown that the incorporation of Co into the Fe triangular sublattice leads to an itinerant magnetic system. ©2019 American Chemical Society.


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Antimony, Crystals--Structure, Chemical Structure, Materials--Magnetic properties, Transition temperature

National Science Foundation (NSF-DMR-1700030 and NSF-DMR-1360863); U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) (FA9550-15-1-0236 and FA9550-19-1-0037); Office of Naval Research (N00014-15-1-2411).


©2019 American Chemical Society