Measurement of the Azimuthal Anisotropy for Charged Particle Production in √{S_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV Lead-Lead Collisions with the ATLAS Detector


Differential measurements of charged particle azimuthal anisotropy are presented for lead-lead collisions at √{S_{NN}} = 2.76 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC, based on an integrated luminosity of approximately 8 μb⁻¹. This anisotropy is characterized via a Fourier expansion of the distribution of charged particles in azimuthal angle relative to the reaction plane, with the coefficients vn denoting the magnitude of the anisotropy. Significant v₂–v₆ values are obtained as a function of transverse momentum (0.5 < p_T < 20 GeV), pseudorapidity (|η| < 2.5), and centrality using an event plane method. The ν_n values for n ≥ 3 are found to vary weakly with both η and centrality, and their p_T dependencies are found to follow an approximate scaling relation, v_{1/n / n} (p_T) ∝ v{1/2 / 2} (p_T), except in the top 5% most central collisions. A Fourier analysis of the charged particle pair distribution in relative azimuthal angle (Δφ = φ_a − φ_b) is performed to extract the coefficients v_{n,n} = (cos nΔφ). For pairs of charged particles with a large pseudorapidity gap (|Δη = η_a−η_b| > 2) and one particle with pT < 3 GeV, the v₂,₂ – v₆,₆ values are found to factorize as v_{n,n}(p_T^a, pp_T^b) ≈ v_n(p_T^a) ν_n (p_T^b) in central and midcentral events. Such factorization suggests that these values of v₂,₂ – v₆,₆ are primarily attributable to the response of the created matter to the fluctuations in the geometry of the initial state. A detailed study shows that the v₁,₁ (p_T^a,p_T^b) data are consistent with the combined contributions from a rapidity-even v₁ and global momentum conservation. A two-component fit is used to extract the v₁ contribution. The extracted v₁ is observed to cross zero at p_T ≈ 1.0 GeV, reaches a maximum at 4–5 GeV with a value comparable to that for v₃, and decreases at higher p_T.



Azimuthal anisotropy, Lead-lead interactions, Fourier series


CC BY 3.0 (Attribution), ©2014 CERN for the ATLAS collaboration